Reid, Thomas

(1710-1796)
   Philosopher, was the s. of the minister of Strachan, Kincardineshire, where he was b. His mother was one of the gifted family of the Gregorys. At the age of 12 he was sent to Marischal Coll., Aberdeen, where he graduated, and thereafter resided for some time as librarian, devoting himself to study, especially of mathematics and the Newtonian philosophy. He was in 1737 ordained minister of New Machar, Aberdeen, and in 1748 he communicated to the Royal Society an Essay on Quantity. Four years later he became one of the Prof. of Philosophy (including mathematics and natural philosophy) in King's Coll., Aberdeen, and in 1763 he was chosen to succeed Adam Smith as Prof. of Moral Philosophy in Glasgow. In the following year he pub. his great work, Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense, directed against Hume's Essay on Human Nature. Up to the appearance of the latter work in 1739 R. had been a follower of Berkeley, but the conclusions drawn therein from the idealistic philosophy led him to revise his theories, and to propound what is usually known as the "common sense" philosophy, by which term is meant the beliefs common to rational beings as such. In 1785 he pub. his Essay on the Intellectual Powers, which was followed in 1788 by that On the Active Powers. R., who, though below the middle size, was strong and fond of exercise, maintained his bodily and mental vigour until his death at 86. His writings, distinguished by logical rigour of method and clearness of style, exercised a profound influence in France as well as at home; but his attempted refutation of Berkeley is now generally considered to have failed.
   Works ed. by Sir W. Hamilton and H.L. Mansel. Sketch by Prof. A.C. Fraser (1898).

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • Reid, Thomas — born April 26, 1710, Kincardineshire, Scot. died Oct. 7, 1796, Glasgow Scottish philosopher. He served as a Presbyterian pastor from 1737 to 1751. His lengthy studies of David Hume convinced him that Hume s skepticism was false, because it was… …   Universalium

  • Reid, Thomas — (1710 1796)    A Scottish philosopher, parish minister, and astronomer, who is renowned for his criticism of David Hume (1711 1776). Reid is sometimes referred to as the first person to describe a case of metamorphopsia. Reportedly, he himself… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Reid, Thomas — (1710–1796) Scottish philosopher of common sense. Reid was born near Aberdeen and educated at Marischal College. After a period as a Presbyterian minister, he was appointed in 1751 to King s College, Aberdeen. In 1764 he took the chair of moral… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Reid, Thomas — (1710 96)    The progenitor of Scottish Common Sense philosophy , a form of realism, Reid launched a blistering attack on the Way of Ideas . This is a notion developed in Descartes and Locke that views mental contents as internal representations… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Reid, Thomas — ► (1710 96) Filósofo escocés. Fundó la llamada «escuela escocesa del sentido común». Afirmó la existencia del mundo exterior y del alma, frente a las tesis de Berkeley y Hume. * * * (26 abr. 1710, Kincardineshire, Escocia–7 oct. 1796, Glasgow).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Reid, Thomas — See Enlightenment ( …   History of philosophy

  • REID, THOMAS —    Scottish philosopher, and chief of the Scottish school, born in Kincardineshire, and bred for the Scotch Church, in which he held office as a clergyman for a time; was roused to philosophical speculation by the appearance in 1730 of David Hume …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Рид Томас / Reid, Thomas — (1710 1796). Рид полагал, но что каждый «индивидуальный ум» владеет большим количеством знаний, чем использует на данный момент. Он также предложил свой вариант психологии способностей …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Reid — Reid, Thomas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thomas Reid — Thomas Reid. Thomas Reid (Strachan, Kincardineshire, Escocia, 26 de abril de 1710 Glasgow, Escocia, 7 de octubre de 1796) fue un filósofo escocés contemporáneo de David Hume y fundador de la Escuela filosófica escocesa del sentido común;… …   Wikipedia Español

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